The strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education requires that higher education change the concept of education in a timely manner, pay more attention to the quality of education and the quality of talents, attach importance to the cultivation of students' innovative spirit and practical ability, and especially pay attention to the comprehensive improvement of the comprehensive quality of talents. In view of this, colleges and universities should take precautions, strive to improve the talent training model, choose advanced scientific management models, establish an effective education quality monitoring system, ensure the continuous improvement of the quality of education and teaching, and comprehensively improve the school's level of school running.
For decades, China's higher education has developed rapidly and its scale has continued to expand. Maintaining and improving the quality of education has become an important task in the connotation construction of higher education. Social and market needs are constantly changing, and higher education needs to continuously absorb advanced ideas in order to facilitate reform and development.
At present, the ISO9000 series of quality management standards is increasingly widely used throughout the world. This series of standards reflects scientific management ideas. It attaches importance to inspection and uses inspection as a means to strengthen the control of the entire process. Monitoring enables managers to obtain real-time information smoothly and take preventive and corrective measures in a timely manner; the concept of its documents and data and record control is also delicate and reasonable. In essence, ISO9000 is a documented and standardized system for quality management. The introduction of this management mode in the teaching and management process is aimed at establishing an effective restraint mechanism to regulate people's behavior. The standardized documents will stipulate the responsibilities, authorities and working procedures of each department, each post and even each employee of the school, and at the same time clearly define the working interface relationship between each department and each post, so that all personnel involved in the cultivation of talents and the quality of education All links are under full control, so as to achieve standardized management and improve efficiency.
The maritime industry is one of the industries with the most international characteristics. Whether it is shipping management, maritime safety, ship operations, crew education and labor, etc., the trend of global integration has become inevitable. Therefore, maritime education must use internationally accepted standards as a criterion to train high-quality maritime talents to adapt to the new competitive landscape of the international maritime market.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has introduced the principles of the ISO quality system into international shipping safety management and has promulgated the ISM Code for this purpose. This rule draws the essence of the ISO9000 quality system and clarifies the basic requirements of the safety management system: such as the responsibilities and powers of shipping companies, the management of resources and personnel, and the management of documents and other requirements related to safety (quality) management. The establishment of a quality system has certain guiding significance. The IMO Amendment to the International Convention on Standards for the Training, Certification and Watchkeeping of Seafarers, 1978 (STCW 78/95), which entered into force on February 1, 1997, states for the first time that each State Party shall guarantee: All training, competency assessments, certification, visas and revalidation conducted by an institution or group must be continuously monitored by a quality management system to ensure that all established objectives are met, including qualifications and experience requirements for instructors and assessors In addition, when the above-mentioned activities are carried out by government agencies or groups, there should also be a quality management system. To this end, the Maritime Affairs Bureau of the Ministry of Communications of the People's Republic of China issued the "Rules of the People's Republic of China on the Management of Seafarers 'Education and Training", which stipulates that nautical colleges must establish a quality management system for seafarers' education and training, and accept external audit by the competent authority. The "Crew Regulations of the People's Republic of China" promulgated by the State Council in 2007 (State Council Decree No. 494, implemented on September 1, 2007) clearly stipulates that training institutions established in accordance with the law should have crew members who comply with the regulations of the State Council's transportation authority Training quality control system. Therefore, the establishment of a quality management system for maritime education institutions is, in a sense, a mandatory requirement of international maritime conventions and national regulations.
According to government requirements and industry needs, Quanzhou Ocean Vocational College introduces the concept of ISO quality management standards, establishes a quality management system that meets the school's actual needs, and continuously improves the system according to development needs. On the basis of complying with the “Marine Education and Training Quality Management Rules” of the Ministry of Communications and ensuring the quality of education, we pursue a quality management system that suits the school's current situation and development positioning and goals. This quality manual provides consistent information about the school education (training) quality management system, both internally and externally to the organization, which describes education (training) -related and interrelated processes and the school's quality policy.