Marine Cultural Relics in Quanzhou
The Song and Yuan Dynasties was the peak of Quanzhou Port's overseas traffic. Stars moved from star to star. The prosperous scene of Erythrina port was beyond imagination. Fortunately, it still has rich and precious historical relics. As the ancient navigation mark, the Manshou Pagoda and Liusheng Pagoda are located at the Shihu Pier, Meishan Pier, and Wenxing Pier in Haikou and Jiangkou. The historical sites of sailing sacrifice activities include Zhenwu Temple, Tianhou Palace, and Jiuri Mountain Qifeng Stone Carvings. The site of chemical kiln and magnetic stove kiln, the ancient sunken ship of Quanzhou Bay in the Song Dynasty ...
All these are the profound historical marks left by the ocean to Quanzhou, and each piece can clearly show the world the glory and grace of the world port.
The Quanzhou Shipping Division was established in the second year of the Northern Song Dynasty (1087). At that time, it was in charge of handling cargo, shipping, negotiation, trade, and receiving tribute envoys. It has survived for almost four hundred years, and has been in foreign trade, economic development, and culture. Communication and other aspects have played an important role, witnessing the historical ups and downs of China's "Maritime Silk Road", which plays a pivotal role in the history of overseas traffic in Quanzhou and even the country.
Jiuri Mountain Qifeng Stone Carving
From the 11th century to the 13th century, officials of the city shipping department and the local military and political directors of Quanzhou, which manage overseas trade, held a ceremony of praying for wind in Yanfu Temple Zhaohui Temple in the foothills of Jiuri Mountain in summer and April and October in winter. The ceremony of praying for the wind was a national festival at that time. The ceremony was very grand. The county priest led the staff to participate. After the ceremony, the officials participating in the ceremony drank and visited the places of Jiuri Mountain. The Jiuri Mountain Qifeng Stone Carving is a unique testimony of the flourishing foreign trade of Quanzhou in the Song Dynasty, and it is a treasure in ancient overseas cultural relics in China.
Tin Hau Temple
Tianhou Temple is the oldest, largest and highest-standard palace temple to worship the famous sea god Mazu. The palace was built in 1196. For a long time, due to the prosperity of Quanzhou's overseas trade, the Empress Dowager has been repeatedly enshrined by the imperial court. The Mazu faith has also followed the footprints of Quanzhou merchants, sailors and immigrants, and has continued to spread to the countries and regions along the "Maritime Silk Road" and develop in the human ocean It has had a significant impact in history.
From the 10th century to the 13th century, local officials of Quanzhou held annual sea rituals here.
Haikou Jiangkou Wharf Site
Ports and docks are important facilities for docking, loading and unloading, waiting for shelter from wind, and sailing activities. Shihu Wharf was an important wharf and coastal defense place in Quanzhou in ancient times. It was also an important "control place" for ships entering the Quanzhou from the South China Sea in the Song and Yuan Dynasties.
During the Song and Yuan Dynasties, along the one-kilometre coastline of the Jinjiang estuary's north shore, there were many wharfs of different sizes and shapes, the most representative being the Meishan wharf and Wenxing wharf. According to Marco Polo: "Estonia Port, there are more than a hundred ships" and Ibn Battuta said, "In Yujian Port, there are more than a hundred ships, and boats are innumerable." The grand occasion of the river in this area.
Ancient beacon tower
The sea was vast, and navigational beacons played an important role in directing merchant ships to shore in ancient navigation.
Wanshou Tower, also known as Guansuo Tower and Aunt Tower. During the Southern Song Dynasty, Quanzhou Port was very prosperous in foreign trade and had business relationships with more than 50 countries and regions. In order to meet the needs of overseas transportation, a stone tower was built on Baogai Mountain in Quanzhou Port as a beacon lighthouse. "Quanzhou Prefecture Chronicles" stated that it "closes the tower of Shuikou Town and rises above the cloud watch, and is expected to come and go."
Liusheng Pagoda is located on Jinyu Mountain in Shihu Village, Qijiang Town, Shishi City, and is an important navigational mark for ships entering and leaving Quanzhou Bay. According to folk records, there were 18 ferries here during the Song and Yuan dynasties, where nearly a hundred ships from overseas were moored, and maritime traffic flourished.
Ancient Kiln Ruins
During the Song and Yuan dynasties, many merchant ships sailed out of Quanzhou with various fine porcelains, and sailed along the "Maritime Silk Road" to Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Persian Gulf and the east coast of Africa.
At that time, the kiln mouths of various counties in Quanzhou were scattered, and more than 100 sites for exporting ceramic kiln have been found, and their density ranks among the highest in the country. In particular, the products of Dehua Kiln, Jinjiang Magnetic Stove Kiln and Dongmen Kiln are important export ceramic kiln in Quanzhou and even Fujian in the Song and Yuan Dynasties. They have been unearthed in East Asia and Southeast Asian countries such as Japan and the Philippines. Collection of many Quanzhou porcelain.
Underwater archeological treasures
The medieval Quanzhou Port was the "warehouse of the world" of that era, from which hundreds of goods were shipped to all parts of the world. Therefore, in recent years in underwater archaeology around the world, a large number of very valuable Quanzhou items have been found.
The ancient ship in Quanzhou Bay is by far the most complete and largest ancient shipwreck preserved around the China Sea. Although the shipwreck is only a wreck, it has almost demonstrated the most advanced manufacturing technology achievements of the sea ship in the Song Dynasty in China. A large number of precious cultural relics such as spices, drugs, ceramics, copper, iron, and braids were also found in the shipwreck. Out, the world is sensational.
Archaeologists collected a large number of Songzhou-Quanzhou merchandise on the "South China Sea No. 1" in Guangdong, which is called underwater terracotta warriors by archeological circles, of which the Celadon and White Porcelain came from Dehua and Jinjiang. Quanzhou porcelain can be found in many major underwater archeological projects such as the "Huaguang Jiao No. 1" shipwreck site in Xisha.
Quanzhou Mosque, also known as Kirin Temple and "Aishuhab Mosque", is a popular mosque. It is located in the middle section of Tumen Street, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province, and covers an area of about 2,500 square meters. 1009)-400 years of Islamic calendar, is the oldest surviving Islamic temple created by Arab Muslims in China. In 1961, it was listed as the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units and "Top Ten Famous Temples in China". The mosque is an important historical site for the development of overseas transportation and trade in Quanzhou, and a historical witness of the friendly exchanges between China and Arab countries. It has also been listed as the research object of the world's Islamic teaching community, and it is still used by Muslims in Quanzhou for worship or marriage.
Caotu Temple-the only Maniguang Buddha and Manichae temple in China and the only Maniji temple site in the world. It is listed as a national key cultural relics protection unit. It is located at the southern foot of Hua Table Mountain in Jinjiang City, Quanzhou City. The grasshopper began in the Song Shaoxing period, and was originally named after the grass. Mountain architecture. The grasshopper has become a precious basis for the study of the religious history and peasant uprisings in China and the ancient maritime traffic between China and Persia.